Wooden houses in Thailand were traditionally built as a prefabricated post-and-beam system that is enclosed and stiffened by paneled walls. Each ruen or dwelling unit can be assembled in-situ anywhere by a specialized trade of carpenters. The renovation of the century-old Ruen Pho Talay, which began with the need to replace some of the timber that was damaged by termites eventually turned into a full-fledge restoration project. The intent was to bring the old house closer to its original state, while at the same time, adapting it for contemporary, everyday living. After removing an earlier addition (an enclosed bathroom and stair) the re-assembled structure was raised enough to reclaim the naturally cooled “tai tun” space beneath for a new cooking and living area. Operable louvers were added to the gables to help vent-out the hot air from inside. The gap between the terrace and the bedroom levels was enlarged to encourage cross-ventilation. The air conditioning is well hidden inside a wardrobe that also divides the interior into two parts. And finally, the bathroom was built as a separate structure, as it would have been in the past, with the added convenience of a connected bridge (see Bath House project).